Teaching & Learning Lab

Empowerment through Education

Deconstructing "Design Reasoning" to enhance students' critical thinking in designing

Deconstructing Reasonings during Designing to Enhance Critical Thinking of Secondary School Students

Can secondary school students' reasoning processes during designing be deconstructed so that their critical thinking processes can be enhanced? This is the main question that motivated a series of study to deconstruct reasoning during the design process using the critical thinking model by Paul and Elder (2008).

In one of the studies in the series, reasonings during problem exploration are deconstructed using questions. Using these questions, intellectual standards essential to good reasoning in problem exploration can be articulated. By increasing students' awareness of the intellectual standards for good reasoning when exploring problems, the quality of critical thinking of students may be improved. This study provides a glimpse of a potentially useful strategy for teachers to explicitly develop critical thinking in students.

To find out more:
LOH, Wei Leong. Critical Thinking in Problem Exploration in Design and Technology Design Project. Design and Technology Education: an International Journal, [S.l.], v. 25, n. 1, p. 35-58, feb. 2020. ISSN 1360-1431. Available at: <https://ojs.lboro.ac.uk/DATE/article/view/2738>.

Paul, R., & Elder, L. (2008). Intellectual Standards: The words that name them and the criteria that define them. CA: Foundation for Critical Thinking.